- Thinking a small nail will hold 50 pounds
- Not using the right anchor, screws, etc.
- Tape measure
- Drill and bit (for sleeve-type anchor)
- Appropriate anchors and screws
Most things are secured to a wall by screws, nails, bolts, glue or
even double-sided tape (although not a good long term solution).
Your decision on how to attach something to a wall should be determined
on the function of the object, materials, size, aesthetics, safety and
load bearing requirements.
Most people just like putting up a nail and hanging off it. Unfortunately,
this is a short-term solution and many find that their objects fall off
But some items like a towel rack, hooks, shelves, curtain rods, etc.,
are attached using brackets that need to be screwed in.
Using anchors may provide enough strength to hold up an item. But if
you have something very heavy, for example, a closet organizer, bookshelves,
you really need to find the wood stud and screw into it for support.
Extremely lightweight objects can be supported with double-stick tape,
small nail or picture hanger. A metal hook on a long tapered nail driven
at an angle can support objects with a wide variety of weight. There
are specialty hook packages that already have an angled hole in order
to drive your nail at an angle and they come in packages of different
sizes depending on the weight to be supported.
Use anchors (as discussed under “Drilling”).
Heavy objects can be supported with a molly style hollow wall fastener,
self-drilling anchors or a toggle bolt. Drill a hole through the wall
to fit the size of hollow wall (molly) fastener - be sure not to get
the hole too big or you may have difficulty turning the bolt without
having the connector turn. Push it in and turn the bolt clockwise until
it feels tight and flush to the wall. The fastener has expanded and should
stay tight. Remove the bolt and attach the object screwing the bolt in
tight. Do not over tighten or you may pull the fastener loose.
Use: Use a molly bolt for medium loads, such as a
heavy, framed mirror or for a shelf bracket that will hold heavy books.
This anchor is designed for use in wallboard, plaster, or other hollow
walls, such as tiled wallboard.
a Molly Bolt: Choose a molly bolt sized to match the thickness
of your wall or ceiling. Use a standard type for plaster and
a drive type for gypsum wallboard.
Installation: Drill a pilot hole using the appropriate
size drill bit and tap in the anchor with a hammer. The teeth on the
anchor help keep the sleeve from turning in the hole as you turn the
screw in the next step.
Secure the Anchor: Turn the screw clockwise to clamp
the anchor to the wall. Turn slowly and press in firmly as you tighten
the screw. You'll feel the sleeve collapse and stop when it is locked
against the backside of the wall or ceiling.
Attach Object: Remove the screw to insert it though
the mounting hole in the object you wish to hang. Then drive the screw
into the anchor until the object is held tight to the surface.
Use: for medium and heavy items. A Self Drilling Anchor (spiral) cuts
its own hole, and uses a separate screw. Not to be used in ceilings.
Installation: Use a self-drilling anchor in drywall
3/8 to 5/8 inch thick for light to medium loads, such as a shelf bracket
or towel bar on a wall.
Press in Anchor: Mark the anchor location on the surface,
insert a screwdriver into the recess in the anchor and press the point
of the anchor into the wall.
Turn the Anchor: Press in lightly and twist the anchor
into the wallboard. Stop turning when the flange is flush with the surface.
Attach Object: Insert screw through the object being
attached and drive the screw into the anchor until it feels secure. Don't
over tighten the screw or you strip the hole.
Use: For heavy items.
Installation : Mark the anchor location on the surface.
Drill a hole through the wall. Wiggle it until it comes loose and you
can pull it out.
Press in Bolt : Put a small screwdriver, knife, or
piece of metal into the hole and carefully enlarge until the toggle will
Attach Object : Assemble the object on the bolt and
push the toggle into the hole until you can feel it spring open. (Now
you cannot remove the bolt without losing the toggle in the wall). Tighten
by turning clockwise. A toggle bolt should be used where the object will
be drawn up tight to the wall because the hole must be large enough to
receive the toggle.
ANGLED PICTURE HANGER